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Volume 6 (5); September 25, 2016 [Booklet]


Research Paper

Crossbreeding challenges and its effect on dairy cattle performances in Amhara region, Ethiopia.

Getu A, Guadu T, Addisu Sh, Asefa A, Birhan M, Mogese N, Chanie M, Bogale B, Alebie A, Feresebhate A, Fantahun T, Mitiku T.

Online J. Anim. Feed Res., 6(5): 96-102, 2016; pii: S222877011600013-6

Abstract

At the beginning, purposive sampling techniques were conducted to select dairy potential zones with the aim of identifying dairy cattle genetic improvement trends in Amhara region which was initiated by the university of Gondar, Ethiopia. Following that north Gondar, south Gondar and west Gojam zones were selected for the study in 2016. A systematic simple random sampling method was considered to select market oriented dairy owners. Primary and secondary data was generated from owners and experts using semi structured questioner, respectively. Therefore the result indicated that the local animals have better in test and odder of their product. However, the productivity is the current challenge to afford the demand driven by the society. According to the data obtained from the interview, cross breeding is an alternative option to respond for the demand grown even if the breeding strategy was at random. According to the respondents’ saying, the bench mark for the blood level of the improved genetic resource under our production system is 75:25 local to exotics than 50:50 (under dominant hetrosis) in different aspects like productivity even external body condition and appearances. Mean age at first female sexual maturity was 3.9+1.5, 2.6+0.23, 2.6+0.23, 3.14+1.5, 2.4+0.52 years with average mean age of 3.01±0.94 years and as well as first male sexual maturity was 4.2±0.28, 3.12±0.05, 2.65±0.25 and 2.10±0.11 with average mean age of 3.02±017 years in local, F1, F1x Local and F1x Exotics cattle, respectively. Whereas the blood level of exotic one is increased, the environmental interaction effect is over than the traits governed by the genotype. Disease, feed, drug, liquid nitrogen and market are the great challenge of dairy production with the weighted index value of 0.25, 0.12, 0.31, 0.20 and 0.12, respectively. Therefore, the result from this survey was indicative and brought supportive information.
Key Words:  Cattle, Crossing, Effect, Improvement, Local, Performance, Ethiopia

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Case Report

Therapeutical management of tetanus in Kundhi buffalo calf at Hyderabad, Sindh.

Yousaf A, Abbas M, Laghari RA, Kachiwal AB, Jamil T, Abbas U.

Online J. Anim. Feed Res., 6(5): 103-106, 2016; pii: S222877011600014-6

Abstract

The study was going to evaluate the therapeutic management of kundhi buffalo calf suffering from tetanus in Sindh (Pakistan). It was caused by a specific neurotoxin produced by Clostridium tetani in necrotic tissue. Tetanus was diagnosed in Kundhi buffalo calf on the basis of their clinical signs, high temperature, contracting of whole body muscles and arduousness of hind legs that is developed into the whole body of an animal. Positive rods shaped Clostridium tetani were present in the blood of the diseased animal. Treatment was recommended with anti-tetanus serum, Penicillin G Procaine, Meloxicam, Chlorpromazine, Dexamethasone and Dextrose 5%. Feeding to the calf through the stomach tube and the urinary catheter was administered to ease out the problem of urine retention. After treatment for 10 days animal complete recover to the healthy condition.
Key Words: Kundhi Buffalo Calf, Clostridium Tetani, Clinical Manifestation, Treatment, Management 

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Research Paper

Crop residue quality loss and forage conservation strategy in Mecha districts of Amahara Region, Ethiopia. 

Birhan M, Mekuriaw Y, Asefa A, Addisu Sh, Getu A. 

Online J. Anim. Feed Res., 6(5): 107-112, 2016; pii: S222877011600015-6

Abstract

A cross-sectional survey was employed during the first phase of the research to collect primary facts on major crop residues growing in the four peasant associations (PA’s) of Mecha district West part of Amahara region. The objectives of the research were; to investigate the average harvesting time and conservation techniques of crop residues in the study area and to fill the gaps in the skill of improved forage harvesting and conservation techniques of the farmer. A semi structured questioner was employed to interview the farmers in each respective peasant association (PA’s). Data collected from the survey was administered in excel spread sheet for further process and analyzed using SPSS version 21. The research findings 159 (99.3%) of the respondents have the experience of harvesting the crop residue for animal feed, while 1 (0.7%) was not practiced for harvesting of the residues may be the animal grazed by cattle as stand feeding. The other findings on collecting and transporting of the crop residue (CR) to their home was 154 (97.3%) which depicts to their home for dry period feeding of their livestock, while other 6 (2.7%) was not used for harvesting and transport the CR at all, this may be due to the residues consumed as stand feeding. The research result also significantly showed that (73.7%) of which 11.3 and 22.7% used the residues improvement mechanism by urea treatment and chopping mechanism respectively. Whereas 44.49 (26.3) were not used any improvement mechanism. The feeding of the CR for oxen, milking cow and heifer were fed to their animal about 68.8, 62.7 and 42.2 respectively. Again the research significantly showed that, 149 (93.9%) of the interviewers have showed communal grazing land in their vicinity whereas, 11 (6.1%) do not have communal grazing land in the respective area. Since, the CR is very paramount important for animal feed and one of the drought escape feeding strategy. Therefore, CR quality loss in each harvesting stages and further laboratory analysis should also be done.
Keywords: CR, Quality Loss, Conservation, Strategy, Amahara Region, Ethiopia.

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